Gamman, L. and Thorpe, A. (September 2008) presented the paper Design Against Crime and Socially Responsive Design for Public Space, Design In Public Space: Safety conference, Silesian Castle of Art and Enterprise, Cieszyn, Poland
The paper Design Against Crime and Socially Responsive Design for Public Space argued that design against crime constitutes sustainable design because it attempts to anticipate and design out crime and other problems from public space, in a sustainable way, rather than solving problems after they have arisen, with inconsiderate design. Bikeoff designs and exemplars were shown and discussed.
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